(CPJ) – Nairobi, December 18, 2020 – Ethiopian authorities must immediately and unconditionally release journalist Dawit Kebede and stop harassing members of the press, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.
On November 30, federal police arrested Dawit, managing editor of the online news outlet Awramba Times, while he was dining with friends at a restaurant in Addis Ababa, the capital, according to Dawit’s U.S-based brother Bisrat Bahta and the journalist’s wife Tigest, both of whom spoke to CPJ via messaging app. On December 1, police officers searched Dawit’s home, confiscating magazines, recording devices, books, cellphones, and CDs, they said.
He is being detained at the Addis Ababa Police Commission, also known as Sostegna, Tigest said. Police allege that Dawit disseminated false information, tarnished the image of the government in his work, and committed a variety of other offenses, but have not formally charged him with a crime, according to media reports and a person familiar with his case who spoke to CPJ on the condition of anonymity, citing safety concerns.
“Authorities should release Dawit Kebede unconditionally, as well as all other journalists in detention in connection to their work, and end an emerging pattern of legal harassment of the press,” said CPJ’s sub-Saharan Africa representative, Muthoki Mumo. “Ethiopian journalists should feel free to publish critical reports and commentary, and this cannot happen in an environment where police can arrest and hold them for weeks without charge, blatantly weaponizing the judicial system to intimidate the media.”
On December 2, Dawit appeared at the Federal First Instance Arada Branch Court, where police accused him of disseminating inaccurate information, inciting violence, and attempting to violate the constitution, according to reports by the state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporation and the privately owned Addis Standard news website. The court granted police the ability to hold him for 13 days pending investigation, according to those reports.
On December 15, at the same court, police further accused Dawit of sending information that allegedly tarnished the image of the federal government to Tigray TV and Dimtsi Woyane, broadcasters affiliated with the Tigray Peoples’ Liberation Front, a group in conflict with the federal government, according to the person familiar with the case, who was in court at the time, and a report by the online broadcaster EthioTube.
Police also accused Dawit of creating a negative perception of the government through interviews with leaders of the Tigray Peoples’ Liberation Front; disseminating false information and inciting violence through his Twitter page; and sharing false information on the Awramba Times YouTube page, according to the person who spoke to CPJ. The court granted police 10 additional days to hold Dawit in custody, according to that person.
Dawit said he is only being detained for doing his job as a journalist, according to the EthioTube report and the person who spoke to CPJ.
In November, Awramba Times published news content on YouTube and Facebook, including commentary on the conflict between the Ethiopian federal government and forces in Tigray state, according to CPJ’s review of those pages. Awramba Times has about 41,000 followers on Facebook, and its YouTube videos regularly receive tens of thousands of views.
On November 28, Awramba Times republished a March 2020 interview with Debretsion Gebremichael, the leader of the Tigray Peoples’ Liberation Front. In that video, Debretsion spoke critically of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and his party.
On Twitter, where he has about 18,000 followers, Dawit’s latest posts included allegations that the Ethiopian government was ethnically profiling people of Tigrayan identity; allegations that security personnel were barring refugees from fleeing Tigray to Sudan; and a suggestion that Abiy had mischaracterized the demographics of refugees fleeing from Tigray to Sudan.
The office of the federal attorney general did not respond to CPJ’s emails requesting comment on Dawit’s case.
In early December, Federal Police Spokesperson Jeylan Abdi said he did not know about Dawit’s case and referred CPJ to the prime minister’s office for comment. When CPJ called and messaged Jeylan again today the call did not go through and he did not respond to the messages.
CPJ emailed the prime minister’s office for comment on Dawit’s case but did not receive any response.
In 2010, Dawit received CPJ’s International Press Freedom Award for his work amid government obstruction and repression.
Dawit is one of seven Ethiopian journalists who were imprisoned as at December 1, 2020, according to CPJ’s most recent prison census. Two of those journalists, Medihane Ekubamichael of the Addis Standard and Udii Musaa who previously worked with the Oromia Media Network, have since been freed on bail, according to news reports and one of Udii’s lawyers, Abduljebar Hussein, who spoke to CPJ via messaging app.
In a related development, Sierra Leone journalist Mahmud Tim Kargbo has been charged over police reporting – Abuja, December 18, 2020 — Sierra Leone authorities should immediately drop all charges against journalist Mahmud Tim Kargbo and allow him to work freely, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.
On December 4, a magistrate court in the capital, Freetown, charged Kargbo with sharing “insulting” and “scurrilous” information via Facebook and WhatsApp about the country’s assistant inspector-general of police, which allegedly caused the official’s “annoyance,” according to Kargbo, who spoke to CPJ in a phone interview, and a copy of the charge sheet, which CPJ reviewed. Authorities held Kargbo in the Pademba Road Prison for about two hours after he was arraigned on those charges and then released him on bail, he said.
Kargbo works as a freelance journalist, and publishes reporting about local political issues and the police on his personal Facebook account, and also shares that reporting on WhatsApp, he told CPJ.
If convicted under Section 3 of Sierra Leone’s Public Order Act, which criminalizes obscenity, threats, and other actions proven to have the “intent to insult or annoy,” Kargbo could face up to three months in prison and a fine of 20 Leones (US$0.002).
“Authorities in Sierra Leone should immediately drop all charges filed in the case of journalist Mahmud Tim Kargbo, and ensure he can work free from judicial harassment,” said Angela Quintal, CPJ’s Africa program coordinator, in Durban, South Africa. “Sierra Leone’s criminal laws, including the recently amended Public Order Act, clearly need further revision to ensure that journalists do not face jail time for their work.”
The charges stem from a post on Kargbo’s Facebook page about alleged fraud and abuse of power by Patrick A. T. Johnson, the country’s assistant police inspector-general, according to Kargbo, news reports, and the charge sheet.
Kargbo received a summons relating to the case on November 30; he was arraigned in court when he responded to that summons on December 4, according to the journalist, those reports, and a copy of the summons, which CPJ reviewed.
Kargbo told CPJ that he was granted bail on December 4 after two people vouched on his behalf and showed that they were residents of Freetown, had worked with established government institutions, and each possessed at least 20 million Leones ($1,978.30).
Kargbo said he appeared in court again on December 9 and 14, and that the next hearing in his case was expected in early 2021.
CPJ called Johnson for comment, but he did not answer.
Deputy Attorney General Umaru Koroma told CPJ by messaging app that his office was aware of Kargbo’s case and would address it. He added that citizens in Sierra Leone were allowed to bring criminal cases against fellow citizens for alleged crimes, and said that this case “has nothing to do with” the repeal of Part 5 of the Public Order Act, which criminalized publications deemed libelous or seditious.
In October, Sierra Leone revised its Public Order Act to remove Part 5, as CPJ documented at the time.
Source: Committee to Protect Journalists