The Community Court of Justice, ECOWAS has ordered the Republic of Ghana to pay $250,000 (Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars) in compensation to the family of a 15-year old Nigerian Student, Augustine Chukwuebuka Ogukwe, who died in a swimming incident on 15 th October 2013 in the country.
Delivering judgement in a case brought by the father of the deceased, Mr Obioma Ogukwe, the Court said that the compensation is for the failure of the country’s police to carry out a proper investigation into the death of the student thereby failing in its obligation to protect and defend all persons within its territory.
In suit no. ECW/CCJ/APP/03/14, the father of the deceased had alleged that he was given an autopsy report issued by the Ghana Police Hospital without his consent or knowledge which revealed that the basic cause of death was drowning while the direct cause was asphyxia by submersion.
Led in evidence by his Counsel, Mr Femi Adedeji, the plaintiff also alleged that the physical appearance, contrary to the Autopsy report, showed evidence of torture on the body and the wounds on his face and sides were evidence of beating, torture, and gruesome murder.
In the suit filed on 20th February 2014, he further claimed that the government of Ghana neither took steps to investigate the matter nor to set up a Coroner Inquest to unravel the mystery surrounding the death of the deceased and prosecute any person found culpable in violation of the country’s obligations under international human rights instruments.
Consequently, Mr. Adedeji submitted that the right to life of the plaintiff’s son had been violated by the State.
But Counsel to the Defendant, Mrs. Dorothy Afriyie-Ansah submitted that “given the peculiar circumstances of the death of Master Augustine Ogukwe where no finger prints could be taken, nobody saw how it happened and the tip off was from an unknown informant, no arrest could have been effected.”
She refuted the claims that the State failed or refused to investigate the matter and to conduct a coroner’s inquest to unravel the strange occurrence, but that a report of full scale investigation had been submitted to the office of the Attorney General for advice.
She then contended that the plaintiff was not entitled to his claim for compensation for a death caused by drowning and not unlawful causes.
Delivering the judgement of the three-member panel of judges of the Court, Honourable Justice Micah Wilkins Wright acknowledged that though the defendant may not be liable for acts of private institutions operating in its territory, the State has a duty to protect all persons in its territory and to properly investigate or institute an inquiry and punish all acts of violence and violations committed in its territory.
The judges also noted the defendant’s failure to provide evidence in support of its argument, including the documentation of the crime scene, to explain the marks on the body of the deceased, which could have been as a result of several factors.
The late Augustine, who was until the tragedy a Student of Ideal College, Tema near the country’s capital was said to have died during a jogging exercise involving 45 other students who were later diverted into swimming.
Also on the panel were Honorable Justices Friday Chijioke Nwoke and Alioune Sall.