The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has extolled the cooperation between Liberia and the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) on the 30 June 2016 security transition to Liberian authorities.
The UNSC also lauded continued efforts of Liberia to strengthen security cooperation in the sub-region, especially with the governments of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Côte d’Ivoire.
In a draft UNMIL document, the UNSC recognized Liberia’s continued assistance to Ivorian refugees in eastern Liberia and towards their voluntary repatriation to Côte d’Ivoire.
“The instability in western Côte d’Ivoire continues to pose cross-border security challenges to both countries," it noted.
Despite these recognitions, UNSC has indicated that the Government of Liberia is yet to provide predictable and sustainable funding to shoulder the costs of deploying and sustaining its security personnel across the country.
It also identified the lack of resources to fund the operations and maintain the LNP and Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) outside of Monrovia.
The UNSC document spoke of the continuation of significant challenges across all sectors, including problems of violent crime, in particular the high rates of sexual and gender-based violence, particularly those involving children, women, peace, as well as security.
It lauded the renewed efforts by the Government of Liberia to promote and protect human rights, in particular of women and children.
The UNSC says it is overwhelmed by the support by the international community, including the Economic Community of West African States, African Union and Mano River Union, in the consolidation of peace, security and stability in Liberia.
It emphasized the need for the continued contributions of bilateral partners and multilateral organizations, including the Peace-building Commission, to support Liberia’s efforts on Security Sector Reform (SSR), Rule of Law and National Reconciliation, as well as support for Liberia’s post-Ebola recovery plan.
At the same time, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has mandated UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to keep the Council regularly informed of the situation in Liberia.
It requested that while implementing the mandate of its mission to Liberia, the Secretary General is to provide it a midterm report no later than 30 April 2016 and a final report no later than 15 August 2016 on the situation on the ground and implementation of its resolution.
According to a draft document, the Council also took note of Ban’s August 13, 2015 report recommending adjustments to the mandate and composition of the mission in line with the security transition.
The UNSC said it was aware of the threat the situation in Liberia continues to pose to international peace and security in the region.
Reflecting on Governance, Rule of Law, Security Sector Reform and National Reconciliation, the UNSC affirmed its expectation that the Government of Liberia (GoL) will fully assume its complete security responsibilities from UNMIL no later than 30 June 2016.
It therefore admonishes multilateral organizations to continue to provide the financial, technical and other assistance and long-term support necessary for professionalizing and sustaining Liberia’s security institutions and infrastructure.
The UNSC also stressed the need for the Liberian Government to accelerate efforts aimed at enhancing the capacity of its security sector in coordination with the continued reconfiguration of UNMIL, especially the leadership, coordination, monitoring and resources as well as ensuring oversight mechanisms.
It also wants further reform to include promotion and manpower policies, with the view of decentralizing national security institutions, particularly the Liberia National Police, to provide security for all people throughout Liberia.