A professor of International Relations at the University of Liberia Graduate Studies Program and also a former Senior Policy Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Liberia has transmitted an Official copy of his latest instructive book titled: The Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa: USA-China New Strategic Interest in Africa.
The 480-page publication is authored by Josephus Moses Gray, who is also a former Political Counselor at the Embassy of Liberia in France; Minister Counselor to Liberia’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations and International Organizations in Geneva, Switzerland and Assistant Foreign Minister for Public Affairs.
The publication is dedicated to Gray’s mother and father for their prayers, personal and special supports given him to reach such a milestone in life, stressing that he owe a great gratitude and special thanks for their religiously-driven values and the sense of belonging which led to his historic achievement in Paris.
The book, hand delivered on the 6th Floor at Ministry of State for Presidential Affairs on Capitol Hill was accompanied by an official letter dated 7th November 2016, addressed to President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf acquainting her with details of the publication” The Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa”.
The mesmeric publication, “The Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa”, is a thought essential and illuminating piece of exhaustive research work that must be read by all especially students of graduate studies program and by those who have interest in the dynamics of oil politics, as the publication scrutinizes the pros and cons of the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China’s soft and hard policies in Africa.
According to a release, in this official communication, the Liberian diplomat and author, Josephus Gray expressed his gratitude and thanks to the President for the moral supports given him that enable him to complete his five-year doctoral studies program in International and diplomacy in France.
He informed President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf that the entire Five Years Study Program was one hundred percent financially supported by his hard earned saving without any financial contribution from any one or institution. He reiterated that he shall forever remain grateful and appreciative for the opportunity afforded him to meaningfully contribute his quota in the supreme interest and services to the People of Liberia, State and Government in various capacities.
He continued: “Vividly I record in September 2011 at your Official Office at the Ministry of States for Presidential Affairs when you encouraged me to take advantage of the opportunity of being assigned in the Foreign Service to gain advance education by enrolling at my own expense to build my capacity to be prepared for future challenges. It is based on this driven value that I decided to enroll to earn quality education abroad”.
He, however, wondered if the book has been delivered to the President, expressing fears that it might be stalled somewhere in one of the offices on the 6th floor of the Ministry, and hoped that if it is not yet delivered, and that is the case, whosoever is keeping it should be kind enough to have it delivered.
He lauds the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Liberia, Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan for his professional encouragement, tolerant and for being so supportive during the course of his studies program in France.
He also recognized the meaningful contributions of people and institutions that have assisted in several ways including Pamela Buyu, Yatay Tuoway, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Claude Parjloh, Ambassador C. William Allen, Dr. François Dodunkz and Prof. Dr. Marie Beaveour all of France and Ralph Geeplay of Canada.
He further recognized the wonderful librarians in Paris including BNF Francois Mitterrand, American, Richelieu Louvis, Bibliotheque Chateau-d’Eau, Opera BNF Museum and Municipal Ville De Libraries and other Libraries include the Chinese Foreign Affairs University Library in Beijing, China; Grafton Public Library in Grafton, North Dakota, USA, New York Public Library in New York, USA and the Chinese and British Embassies in Paris, France.
Following the official launched of the publication, immediately the book will be released on online where soft copy can be purchased, as there wouldn’t be any hard copy put on sale at any of the shopping centers in Monrovia due to the high cost associated with transporting hard copies to Monrovia from Paris, France where the book is printed.
The publication is expected to formally be launched from an intriguing outlook in February on the Capitol Hill Main Campus of the University of Liberia and subsequently at the Jimmy Jolocon High School on Somalia Driver in Gardnerville.
Meanwhile, the book digs into the advantages and disadvantages of the United States and China’s new dealing with African governments and bureaucrats, and questioned if the world’s two leading economic powers are sincere in their new diplomatic ties with African governments.
The amazing role of African women in global politics is highlighted in the book, while it analyzes the strength and weakness of ECOWAS and African Union in crisis management and peace-keeping.
The book further exposed how death threats were regularly used by warlords and fighters to silence the independent media, forcing media houses to close down while state security actors on several occasions victimized media personnel and vandalized media institutions in the name of protecting the security of the state.
It also looks deep into the new diplomatic maneuvering for oil and energy, economic and security problems and the main causes of violence in most African countries and the issues of poverty, corruption and abuses of state resources by political corrupt bureaucrats. The book again examines the positives and negatives of Washington and Beijing‘s new diplomatic approaches which many scholars argue are geared towards oil and energy on the continent.
By focusing on tangible factors as descriptive variables, the book identifies the underlying rationale of the Chinese foreign policy towards Africa and the new U.S. interest in Africa.
The book highlights with details and further discusses the failures of African diplomacy in global politics, the inadequacy of African diplomats, problems and challenges facing diplomats in their areas of assignments, various types of diplomacy, its emerging patterns of practice, and its relevance for not only policy-makers but also a wider cast of actors and set of social interaction.
The book does reveal how modern diplomacy in terms of practice may have lost some of its image of exceptional ingredients, in the sense that it has to compete and interact with a much wider dynamic of other major non state actors on the world stage.
The book, the Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa: USA-China New Strategic Interest in Africa’s Oil and Energy to say the least is a fascinating and compelling research works carried out by the author and does give true insights of Africa’s New Role In Global Politics, and the arguments propounded by experts that China‘s policies of non-interference and no political attached strings have resonated so strongly among African countries which have become so wearied of those sanctimonious clichés about democracy, human rights, and good governance being proposed by the United States and its western partners.
Also highlighted in the publication are African women in top leadership such as the Presidency, Vice Presidency and Prime Ministers, respectively. President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Africa’s First female democratically elected president is lauded for her hard works and contributions in restoring her nation’s image abroad and for maintaining peace and stability.
While Angie Brooks Randall, is also mentioned; the first female president of the General Assembly of the United Nations, and Senator Ruth Sando Perry, former Chair of the Six-man Council of State. The late Sando Perry had been credited for her efforts in helping to restore law and order and improving the overall conditions in the country during the transitional period.
Of particular interest notes Mr. Gray’s new book are the contributions of women activists such as Madam Mary Brownell, a respectable woman of society by all accounts, a classroom teacher and peace campaigner. Her search for peace he said, has gone beyond national borders, and have greatly impacted humanity.
According to the book, the struggle of Liberian women for a place in the body politics of Liberia have proportional historical significance, more significantly, and furthermore Juah Nimene of the Kru ethnic group who headed the Sasstown resistance against injustices by past Liberian Government forces.
The book also detailed the brutalities and maltreatments journalists suffered at the hands of warlords and their unruly fighters, often leaving the hapless journalist suffered while others were faced with life time injuries and sanction.
The book shows how Liberian journalists performed a critical role in bringing mayhems and atrocities to light but goes further to document how the journalist paid a greater price. The book, however, indicts some of the local media for biased reportage by siding with the status quo, while treating some political candidates who contested elections with favors whereas giving less coverage to others.
The book also covered other wide-range of critical issues : Analysis of Sino-Africa New Relations, U.S. Policy towards Africa: A New Paradigm; The New Dimension: Beijing’s Influence in Liberia; China’s Rising Interest in Africa—who benefit; Africa’s New Role in Global Politics; Problems and Challenges of African Diplomacy.
Others include U.S., China’s Diplomatic Impact in Africa; Globalization and Liberalism: Challenges and Prospects for Africa; The Rising Interest for Oil and Gas in Africa; Africa’s Ties with China, US: What are the Advantages and Disadvantages;, ECOWAS’ Intervention In Liberia and the Conspiracy Theory of Doe’s Death; The Impact of African Women in Global Politics; In-depth Analysis of Coups and Rebellions In Africa and The Dilemma of Free Press in Rebels Controlled territories, among other topics.