Ban also observed that the death penalty is a cruel and inhumane practice and that it has no place in the 21st Century.
According to Ban, death sentences for terrorism are often handed down after unfair and speedy trials by military or special courts where confessions are often obtained under duress or in other ways in which the right to appeal is not respected.
The UNSG’s statement was contained in his message to the world on Monday in observance of the World Day against the Death Penalty.
Established in 2003 by the World Coalition against the Death Penalty, the Day is observed each year on October 10 to address the issue of death penalty which remains a growing threat to modern society.
“This year’s World Day Against the Death Penalty focuses on terrorism-related offenses; around the world, 65 countries retain the death penalty for such crimes,” Ban observed.
The UN boss said to be legitimate and effective, counter-terrorism measures and all security operations must be anchored in respect for human rights and the rule of law.
Ban noted that participation in peaceful protests and criticism of a government are neither crimes nor terrorist acts and as such the threat or use of the death penalty in such cases is an egregious violation of human rights.
He said it is untrue to argue that capital punishment will diminish terrorism, adding that “experience has shown that putting terrorists to death serves as propaganda for their movements by creating perceived martyrs and making their macabre recruiting campaigns more effective.”
He wants the world to continue to work to abolish the death penalty in all circumstances and places, stating that this action must always be guided by the moral compass of human rights which is the most effective route to a safer, more just and secure world.