Fifa has provisionally suspended its president Sepp Blatter, secretary general Jerome Valcke and vice-president Michel Platini for 90 days.
The punishments were handed out by the ethics committee of football's world governing body, which is investigating the three over corruption allegations.
It also banned ex-Fifa vice-president Chung Mong-joon for six years.
Both Chung and Platini are hoping to replace Blatter when he steps down as president in February.
"The grounds for these decisions are the investigations that are being carried out by the investigatory chamber of the ethics committee," the body said in a statement.
The three are banned from any football activity in the interim. They deny any wrongdoing. READ MORE OF THIS STORY ON BBC NEWS WEBPAGE